The CRSMF of Burdwan University is sprawling Crop Research Farm covering 10.5 hectares of cultivated land
situated in Tarabag Campus of the University established by famous geneticist and plant breeder Professor
Param Nath Bhaduri FNA in the year 1965.
Since inception, lots of research activities funded by different authorities have been carried out with the
help of researchers of different departments of this University. There is a farm laboratory to carry out and
expedite the research activities. Moreover, from 2002, in collaboration with Department of Agriculture, Govt.
of West Bengal, ‘Foundation & Certified’ seed programmes for Paddy, Mustard, Gram, Lentil and Moong were
undertaken and still being run successfully. The programme was initiated with the support of Deputy Director
of Agriculture, Govt. of West Bengal, Seed Certification Department, Govt. of West Bengal, Seed Corporation
and Seed Testing Department, Govt. of West Bengal. The seeds produced by CRSMF are sold with trade name “Kishan
Bandhu”. These are in high demand and very popular among the growers and farmers all over the state including
neighbouring states like Jharkhand and Bihar for its consistent quality and performance. We are extremely fortunate
that all the officials from state department of agriculture, Government of West Bengal have extended their extreme
support in this venture.
The officials of CRSMF regularly visit –Central Rice Research Institute (Cuttack), Acharya N.G. Rang
University (Andhra Pradesh), Rice Research Station (Chisurah), Central Potato Research Station
(Jalandhar, Punjab) and Pulse & Oils seed Research Station, (Behrampur, West Bengal) to collect
Breeders’ seeds for multiplication program.
Prof. Jai Prakash Keshri
Department of Crop Research and Seed Multiplication Farm The University of Burdwan Golapbag, Bardhaman - 713104 West Bengal, INDIA. 342-2656566, 2656549, 2558554 Extn.
To conserve the germplasm of traditional rice-varieties and Mango.
To promote the research activities related to cereals, oils seeds, pulses and
To produce high quality seeds of cereals, oil seeds, pulses and vegetables.
To provide technical assistance, guidance and advice to the local farmers regarding package and
practices, proper harvest and post-harvest technology of cereal, pulse, oils and vegetables seed
multiplication in light of current development in agricultural scenario. For this purpose CRSMF
organizes periodic seminars and workshops.
To develop cost-effective alternate farming system as well as crop nutrient management package
through holistic approach.
Adoption of crop diversification technology.
To promote the use of Biofertlizers such as vermicompost, biocompost, Azolla, Blue Green Algae
and ecofriendly fertilizers.
To promote the use of bio-pesticides and eco-friendly pesticides.
To provide quality potato seeds to rural Bengal.
To provide organic vegetables and sweet corn to different communities.
To publish quality literature, training manuals and videos in all above concern.
To maintain the biodiversity resources of University.
To motivate students in plantation and provide technical assistance and guidance.
Plantation of rare tree varieties, fruit plants and rare plants to rejuvenate the biodiversity of campus
to support the fauna and microbial resources.
Amount of Paddy seeds produced and disbursed in past 10 years
Mustard seed multiplication
Potato Tubers Produced and disbursed since 2014
Statement of Income and Expenditure of CRSMF
Paddy Germplasm Conservation
Besides promoting high yielding varieties of paddy to cater the economic need of the farmers
we have started conservation, multiplication and promotion programme for traditional and aromatic
varieties in view of the soil quality, soil health and eco-friendly farming system.
Awareness programmes and research activities have been raised by CRSMF in collaboration of different
Government agencies, research institutes and researchers in our university. The main objective of the
germplasm conservation of traditional varieties is to restore the valuable gene pool of paddy to
develop future high yielding and eco-friendly varieties.
The aim is to meet the following:
To exploit the gene pool gathered from land races.
To minimize damage by major diseases and pests.
To tolerate adverse environmental, drought, adverse soil factors and excess water.
To increase yield in sustainable manner.
To increase the nutritive quality.
To promote the ecofriendly sustainable paddy cultivation system.
To provide scientific and technical assistance to the research communities, cooperatives and
farmers through exposure visit, seminars and workshops.
To maintain the germplasm of land races in scientific manner, its proper documentation and
proper DNA sequencing for users of all relevant disciplines.
Presently we are producing over 35 varieties
of high yielding and traditional varieties of paddy seeds: Traditional varieties: Sitasal, Dudheswar, Kalamkati, Dadsal, Soru-nagra, Banskati,
Kabiraj Sal, Kalo Nunia, Gandheswari, Champa-khusi, Kanak chur, Tusli mukul, Radha tilak, Black rice,
Kerala-sudari, PNR-546, PNR-519 and Tarai basmati etc. Aromatic varieties: Sita-bhog, Gobindo-bhog, Badsa-bhog, Gopal- Bhog, Katari Bhog,
Tulsi-Bhog, Tulai-panji, Krishna-bhog, Jamainadu, and Randhuni-pagol.
Mustard Seed Multiplication
Mustard is an important crop under cultivation in West Bengal and adjoining states.
With our all efforts we are producing quality F1 seeds of mustard.
Mango Germplasm Conservation
We have established a germplasm conservatory of “Mango”. In the mango conservatory
(Amra Kanan) we already have introduced following 60 varieties of Mango: Albina, Alfanso, Alfanso
(Ratnagiri variety), Aman Dasehri, Amrapali, Anaras, Banana Mango, Blue mango, Bhastara, Bira,
Baisakhi, Bimli, Biswanath, Black Mango, Bombai, Champa, Chandan Khosa, Chatterjee, Chausa,
Dasehri, Dhubani, Fazli, Golapkhas, Hapus, Himsagar, Jambo, Jardalu, Jharjhari, Kalapahar,
Katamisti, Kesar, Kg Mango, Kishenbhog, Kohitoor, Kuija, Langra, Madhugulguli, Maharaj, Mallika,
Megh Lonthon, Michirdana, Mohanbhog, Molamjam, Motichur, Neelam, Palmar, Piyarafuli, Pusa-Surya,
Pusa-Arunima, Rajbhog, Rani, Ratna, Red Mango, Sadulla, Safeda, Sarenga, Sarikhas, Sweet Mango,
Thai-Dwarf, Thai-Long, and Subarnarehka, etc.
Potato Seed Multiplication
We have started producing foundation seeds of Kufri Jyoti since 2014 under MoU with CPRI,
Shimla. Presently two more varieties are being produce due to huge demand of the potato growing
communities of West Bengal and neighboring states. These are Kufri Chandramukhi & Kufri Himalini.
We have been able to produce Foundation and Certified seeds of potato under kind supervision of
state agriculture authorities. Fortunately results are extremely promising. The tubers are now
kept in cold storage and will be disbursed in October as per the guidelines of State Agriculture
Authorities who will issue the foundation seed cards. We have the motto to ensure the right and
scientific cultivation practices among the potato growing community of the region. Keeping this
fact in mind several interactive programmes are arranged. Fortunately one such programme was
arranged in presence of Dr. Asish Banerjee, Minister in Change, Department of Agriculture,
Government of West Bengal on 16th January 2018 at CRSMF, The University of Burdwan in our
collaboration with CPRI, Shimla. In this occasion four scientists namely Dr. N. K. Pandey,
Head Social Sciences, Dr. R. K. Singh, Head, Seed Technology, Dr. Binay Sagar & Binod Kumar from
CPRI interacted with the potato seed producers of West Bengal in presence of dignitaries of State
department of Agriculture.
Use of Waste and Weed affected lands for cultivation of diversified
and Multiple crops and their improved varieties
We have huge waste land and weed affected land mass in our campus. To manage this we have
adopted several strategies for welfare of the university fraternity and make effective examples to
the society to combat this problem.
Introduction of new crops and improved varieties of crops.
Vegetable and fruit production.
Crop productivity increased due to improved varieties
Enhancement of cropping intensity
Risk factor for failure of mono-crop reduced on diversification of crops.
Effective weed management.
Since the crops grown have different root levels effective nutrient management in soil occurs due to this.
Effective improvement in soil fertility due to the arrival of various microbial lives.
Crop Nutrient Management
To promote the eco-friendly crop practices we have adopted several contemporary modern
improved practices. Such as biocomposting, vermicomposting, Blue green Algae, microbial fertilizers,
Azolla, green manures and alternate cropping pattern that includes always a leguminous crop etc.
Seed Certification Programme
The process of seed certification includes the following steps:
Collection of Breeders’ and Foundation seeds from authentic sources
Verification of source by the Department of Seed Certification
Registration of each variety for multiplication
Inspection by the Govt. Officers (thrice) during the growing season to verify whether
specified control measures are followed
Proper harvesting, threshing, sunning and processing of crops variety wise and bagging(temporary)
Testing of seeds of each variety by the concerned department of Govt. and certification
Finally bagging and sealing with producer cards and as per Govt. regulations cards in presence of
Seed Certification officer variety wise if recommended as “Certified” as per yard stick of
Breeders and Foundation seeds are collected as per availability in each year since 2003 and also
as per allotment made by the Government.
Horticulture and Floriculture
We have a very good collection of ornamental and garden plants that includes palms, roses,
tuberose, Chrysanthemum, Lilium and Gladiolus etc. The orchard contains huge collection of
fruit plants that are well maintained for the academic purpose and disbursement to different
departments including local academic institutions. The objective is beautification, research,
delight, educate and to inspire students towards plants.
Recently we have introduced Santa Cruz water lily (Victoria cruziana A. D. Orb.) to CRSMF.
It is a water lily native to subtropical South America, where it is found in Argentina,
Paraguay and Bolivia. The genus Victoria was named in honour of the UK’s Queen Victoria
(1819–1901). The specific epithet cruziana was given in honour of Andrés de Santa Cruz
(1792–1865), President of Peru and Bolivia, who sponsored an expedition to Bolivia in
which the first specimens of this species were collected.
It was planted on 19th May 2016 at CRSMF with the efforts of the authorities of Botanical
Survey of India & The University of Burdwan under MoU.
The leaves of the plant attain over 2 metres in diameter. The leaves may hold up to 75 kg
of weight. Flowers are creamy white at anthesis and become pink in the evening.
We have developed a very good nursery for fruits, vegetables, flowering & forest trees and
plantation crops. The plants are planted to different parts of the university, donated to esteemed
organizations, schools, colleges and are sold to the public for revenue generation. The main
motto is to create interest to the students and general public for plants.
Amenities at CRSMF
Our Farm is equipped with following amenities to support the genuine seed production,
seedling, saplings and disbursement of knowledge to the interactive communities and academicians.
Paddy Processing Machine
Paddy Blower Machine
Seed Grader Machine
Potato Seed Grader
Air condition Godown
Laboratory and Seminar room for extension activities
Facilities for research are always provided to the students of Botany, Zoology and environmental
science departments as and when asked for.
Facilities (land and other inputs) are provided to the teachers of Botany, Zoology, Environmental
Science and B.Ed. (Sc.) Department as and when necessary as per their proposal.
Facilities are also provided to the students (M.Phil.) of the University as per their request.
The unit separately undertook some adaptive trials with cultivars (new brought from OUAT (Orissa).
Adaptive trials on Jute undertaken by a teacher of the Department of Botany, Burdwan University
Ongoing trials of various crop species in research plots by research scholars from Botany and
Environmental Science Departments.
Paddy Cum Fish cultivation practices and research.
The Farm is interested in “Hybrid Seed” production for cereals, pulses and oilseeds.
The Farm is interested to produce high quality potato and onion seeds.
The Farm is plans to set up one state-of-art seed and soil testing laboratory.
To maintain the germplasm of traditional rice-varieties and promote their cultivation to the farmers.
To set up a germplasm bank and conservatory in collaboration with ICAR and State Department of Agriculture,
Govt. of West Bengal.
The farm is interested to make such demonstration plots those are included in land shaping technology
e.g Farm pond technology, Ridge and furrow technology for integrated farming system.
Soil testing facilities for the farmers.
We have submitted proposal for research and training centre, establishment of shade net nursery and
eco-friendly fertilizer production.
Workshop for the farmers & growers in collaboration with the agriculture department of West Bengal.